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Texas Dog Bite Law FAQ

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Welcome to Adley Law Firm’s comprehensive guide on Texas Dog Bite Law. Understanding the legal landscape surrounding dog bites in Texas is crucial for victims seeking justice and dog owners aiming to understand their liabilities.

If you or a loved one has been affected by a dog bite, this FAQ will provide you with the essential knowledge to navigate the situation effectively.

Understanding the “One Bite Rule”

What is the ‘one bite rule’ in Texas?

Texas is known for following the one bite rule, which means that a dog owner may not be held automatically liable for a dog’s first bite. Liability is established if it can be proven that the owner was aware of the dog’s previous aggressive behavior or if the owner was negligent in preventing the bite. This rule emphasizes the importance of demonstrating that an owner knew of the potential risk posed by their dog before an incident.

Dog Owner Negligence

How does negligence affect liability in dog bite cases?

Negligence plays a significant role in dog bite cases in Texas. Examples of negligence include allowing a dog to roam unrestrained, leaving gates or doors open which enables a dog to escape, or failing to control a dog that has a known propensity for aggression. If an owner’s careless actions contribute to a dog bite incident, they may be held liable for the resulting injuries.

Texas Leash Laws

Does Texas have a dog leash law?

While there is no statewide leash law in Texas, many local municipalities have ordinances that require dogs to be on leashes or muzzles when off the owner’s property. Dog owners are responsible for being aware of and complying with these local regulations to prevent incidents and avoid legal consequences.

Breed-Specific Legislation in Texas

Does Texas outlaw ‘dangerous breeds’?

Texas does not have breed-specific legislation that outlaws certain breeds deemed “dangerous.” However, insurance companies may have policies that exclude coverage for specific breeds, which could complicate claims for dog bite incidents. Owners of breeds that are often labeled as dangerous should be particularly diligent in understanding their insurance coverage.

Dangerous Dog Law in Texas

What constitutes a ‘dangerous dog’ under Texas law?

A “dangerous dog” in Texas is one that has made an unprovoked attack causing bodily injury in a place other than the owner’s property, or one that commits unprovoked acts in a place other than the owner’s property, and those acts cause a person to reasonably believe that the dog will attack and cause bodily injury. Owners of dogs deemed dangerous are required to adhere to specific regulations to ensure public safety.

Liability for Dog Bites on Owner’s Property

What if I was on the dog owner’s property when bitten?

Dog owners can be held liable for bites that occur on their property unless the victim was trespassing or provoking the dog. If you were lawfully on the property, such as being invited as a guest or performing a duty like delivering mail, and were bitten by a dog without provocation, the owner could be held liable for your injuries.

Legal Recourse for Children Bitten by Dogs

Can I sue on behalf of my child if they were attacked by a dog?

Yes, parents can pursue legal action on behalf of their child if they are bitten by a dog. In such cases, Texas law may appoint a guardian ad litem to represent the child’s financial interests. This ensures that any compensation received is managed in the best interest of the child.

Claims Against Friends or Family

What if my child was bitten by his best friend’s dog?

If your child is bitten by a dog belonging to a friend or family member, the claim is typically processed through the dog owner’s homeowner’s insurance rather than a direct lawsuit. It’s essential to understand that these claims are not personal attacks but a means to seek compensation for injuries through insurance coverage.

For more information on dog bite claims or to schedule a free consultation with Adley Law Firm, please visit our webpage on dog bites or contact us directly.

Stray Animal Attacks

What if I was attacked by a stray animal?

Compensation for attacks by stray animals can be more challenging to secure. If a stray animal bites you, there may not be a clear party to hold liable. However, if the stray was recently under someone’s care or escaped from a facility, there might be grounds for a claim. In some cases, a victim’s homeowner’s insurance may provide coverage for such incidents. It’s crucial to report the attack and seek legal advice to explore your options.

Other Animals and Texas Law

What about injuries caused by cats, exotic pets, or livestock?

The rules that apply to dog bites in Texas generally extend to injuries caused by other types of pets, including cats and exotic animals. However, Texas law provides certain immunities to livestock owners, meaning they may not be held liable for injuries caused by their animals under specific circumstances. Each situation involving an animal injury has its complexities and should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.

The Importance of Legal Assistance

Why should I consult an attorney for a dog bite case?

Navigating the legalities of animal injuries, especially dog bites, can be complex. An experienced personal injury attorney can provide invaluable guidance, from understanding the nuances of the “one bite rule” to negotiating with insurance companies. An attorney can help protect your rights, ensure proper documentation, and work towards securing fair compensation for your injuries.


Texas dog bite laws are intricate, and understanding your rights and responsibilities is key to handling these situations properly. Whether you’re a dog owner or a bite victim, it’s important to be informed and to seek professional legal assistance when necessary. If you’ve been affected by a dog bite or any other animal-related injury, Adley Law Firm is here to help. Our experienced Houston injury attorneys are committed to guiding you through the legal process and advocating for your best interests.

For more detailed information on dog bite claims or to schedule a free consultation with Adley Law Firm, please visit our Dog Bite Claims page or contact us directly.

Remember, the sooner you reach out for legal advice, the better equipped you’ll be to handle your case effectively. Don’t hesitate to contact Adley Law Firm for the support and representation you deserve.

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